A / Á / Â
E / É / Ê
I / Í / Î
O / Ó / Ô
U / Ú / Û
Y / Ý / Ŷ
Always long, as in 'father'
Always as in 'fed' or 'bet'
Can be a 'y' if at the beginning of a word or before a vowel, in all other cases it is a long 'ee' sound as in 'machine'.
Pronounce it like the 'o' in 'dog'.
As in the 'u' in 'flute'.
It should be pronounced like a Sindarin 'u' however you can pronounce it as the Sindarin 'i'.
C is always hard in Sindarin, as in 'kite', never soft like the English 'scent'.
Beginning of word: as in 'father', end of word becomes a 'v'.
Always hard, as in 'get', never 'edge'.
As mentioned above, it becomes a 'y' as in 'yacht' if before a vowel.
L as in 'let', nothing odd with this one!
Pronounced properly, the Sindarin 'r' should roll.
Never as in 'church', always as in 'loch' or 'bach', it is a gargled sound.
Similar to a 'th' sound as in 'these', it should be harder than the Sindarin 'th'.
This is a 'voiceless' 'l', so it should sound more like a 'th' than an 'l', but an 'l' sound is fine.
An 'f' sound as in 'phonic' or 'phone'.
A 'voiceless' 'r', it doesn't trill like a normal Sindarin r.
A soft 'th' as in 'thing'.
Pronounce this as mostly a 'w', so the h is barely audible.
At the end/middle of a word, as in the English 'ring' or 'sing', at the beginning of a word, the two letters should be sounded separately..
As in the word 'fair', but the 'r' is still rolled.
As in 'dear' or 'ear' (again, remember to roll that 'r'.)
Not as in 'Uri', but as in 'fur', again the r is rolled.
As the 'i' in 'fine' not 'straight'.
Same as for AI, the 'i' in 'fine' or 'bright'.
Pronounce like the 'ou' in 'loud'.
Pronounce it as if it were the 'ow' in 'now'.
This is like the English 'ay' in 'bray' or 'say'.
Say this like the 'oy' in 'boy'.
This is a 'we' sound, not like the English 'ruin'.
As you should have noticed, the vowels have variants with accents: A / Á / Â - these denote the length of the vowel, going from shortest to longest, left to right.